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Solid wastes and chemicals cause land pollution. Large cities face a major problem with disposal of solid waste materials. This includes agricultural waste, industrial waste, farm manure, garbage, cardboard, plastics, and paper. Combustion residue, discarded manufactured products, demolition dust, rubber, leather, cloth, and construction trash. All of these items contribute to land pollution.
The surface can then be used for housing or sports fields. Before such filling, the wastes can be pulverized by machines to a uniform particle size: by this means the volume is reduced and thus the life of the tip is extended, and some of the refuge is more quickly biodegraded.
There are a variety of chemicals emitted into the air settle down and pollute the soil. Lead, sulphur, and radioactive minerals, can all be detrimental. Herbicides and pesticides applied by aerosol spray will find their way into the soil. Plants and animals could be significantly affected by these chemicals. This will cause a disruption in the species affecting communities. Chemical pollutants inhibit the process of soil formation in forest ecosystems. This reduces the forest's capacity to maintain soil fertility.
There are many sources that contribute individually and together in land pollution. The urban technological revolution and natural resource exploitation are the primary causes. It affects humans, animals, and vegetation
Toxic metals found in industrial wastes kill the soil's beneficial micro-organisms and bacteria. Phosphatic compounds become precipitated by heavy metals and the decomposition is catalyzed. Industrial chemicals and wastes create high basicity and acidity that causes agricultural damage. Pollutants like plastics, grease, oil and other non-biodegradable matter transfer into the food chain. This causes undesirable changes within living organisms.
Pollution affects the land that humans and animals depend on for shelter and food. To make waste disposal more economical, emphasis has been placed on managing solid wastes. Environmental Scientists are helping to create sufficient ways to recycle and re-use waste materials.
Land pollution matters because a third of the Earth's surface is covered by land. Over seven billion people are trying to live here. Most of the energy is created by fossil fuels. Food is grown on the planet's surface. Human lives are tied to the Earth. Pollutants that degrades the lands has a direct effect on human life. Our existence is threatened. That is why a solution to the problem must be a priority now, before it is too late.